Conjunctions are words that join words or groups of words. Here is a simple example that shows how three separate sentences are joined with the conjunction “and”:
- I like eating durians.
- I like eating bananas.
- I like eating all types of local fruits.
Combine them, and it becomes:
- I like eating durians, bananas and all types of local fruits.
There are 6 coordinating conjunctions:
F = for (because) – do not be confused with the preposition “for”
A = and
N = nor
B = but
O = or
Y = yet
S = so
Like prepositions, these coordinating conjunctions do not have any specific meanings on their own. They are used to show a relationship between words or to connect sentences.
- The players were tired, so they had a long break.
- He was ashamed for he had lied through his teeth to get what he wanted.
In addition to the single-word conjunctions, other conjunctions come in pairs/threes.
- both… and
- neither… nor
- either… or
- not only… but… also
- Both Yassir and Manap are learning to cook.
- Neither Yassir nor Manap is learning to cook. = Both are not learning to cook.
- Either Yassir or Manap is learning to cook. = Only one of them is learning to cook.
- Not only Yassir but Manap is also learning to cook. = Both are learning to cook.