Preposition

Preposition shows the position of nouns and pronouns in relation to other words. That means, they can be used to show locations of objects. For example:

  • My girlfriend was standing at the door when I came home.
  • I live beside a construction worker who has a tattoo on his arm, so we’re afraid to go near him.

The words in red (prepositions) show location and position of the object (noun). Prepositions do not have any meaning on their own. They are normally followed by a noun or a pronoun. Words that come after prepositions are called “objects”. The objects together with the prepositions are called prepositional phrases. The list of commonly used prepositions is available at the bottom of this page.

Examples:

  1. The ship leaves in the morning.
  2. The toddler spilt some milk on the table.

However, prepositions sometimes appear at the end of a sentence. Take note that some grammarians insist that prepositions should never end a sentence 🙂 Look at the following sentences:

Examples:

  1. I don’t know what you’re thinking of.
  2. What is he looking at?

Prepositional phrases may function as adjectives and adverbs.

Examples:

  1. The pen in your pocket belongs to me.  (Which pen? The one in your pocket) – adjective
  2. He lives near my house. (Where does he live? Near my house) – adverb
  3. The little pup under the tree has a red ribbon around its neck. (Which pup? The one under the tree.) – adjective

List of common prepositions

about
above
across
after
against
along
amidst
among
around
as
as far as
as well as
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
between

by
despite
down
due to
during
except
for
from
in
inside
instead of
into
like
near
next to
of
off
on
onto

opposite
outside
over
past
regarding
around
since
through
throughout
till
to
toward
under
until
up
upon
with
within
without

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Posted on July 9, 2009, in Word Classes and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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