Transition Signals in Use
In today’s post, I shall demonstrate how transition signals are used.
(a) to add information:
- in addition, furthermore, moreover, besides, in fact
- Tommy was promoted, finally. In addition, he also received a cash reward of $500 as an incentive.
- You cannot go out today. Besides, it’s probably going to rain cats and dogs later.
(b) to contrast information:
- on the other hand, in contrast, nevertheless, on the contrary, despite, however
- John’s a stingy person. On the other hand his brother is a philanthropist.
- I’ve read “Harry Potter” before. Nevertheless I still find watching the movie as exciting as reading it.
- Despite being a disabled, Steven Hawking became one of the most brilliant and highly-respected scientists ever.
(c) to compare information:
- similarly, likewise, in the same way
- When you’re at the theatre, you have to be silent. Similarly you do the same in the cinema.
- There has been keen interest in recent natural calamities. Likewise, interest in books on prophecy has increased.
(d) to order information by time:
- after that, before that, then, at first, firstly, secondly, next, lastly, eventually, finally
- At first, he said that he couldn’t recall what happened. Then he told the police that he was clobbered on the head by a man with a scar on his face.
- Suhaimi made many attempts to call the hospital. Finally he managed to get through the emergency unit.
(e) to show cause or effect:
- as a result, consequently, therefore, thus, hence
- The employee worked extremely hard. As a result, he became so ill that he couldn’t work anymore.
- Peter Parker was bitten by a radioactive spider, hence his alter-ego is called Spiderman.
(f) to show concession:
- of course, naturally
- You are not allowed to copy. Of course, that doesn’t mean you can’t move from your seat.
- When they’re alone, they miss home a lot. Naturally, they want to live with their parents.
(g) to conclude:
- in conclusion, to summarise
- In conclusion, smoking causes not only health but financial problems, too.
- To summarise, students prefer studying locally as they’re able to be closer to home, spend less and help boost the economy.
(h) to exemplify information:
- for example, for instance
- There are a few important rules to follow when you visit Malaysia. For example, offering bribes is a crime and smuggling drugs could put you behind bars.
- Nobody likes you because of your attitude. For instance, you don’t care, you’re lazy and you’re selfish.
Here’s what you would get if you use transition signals too liberally:
We were unable to watch a movie today. It was too crowded. In addition, the tickets have all been sold out. Besides, I don’t think it was a good movie. In addition, my friend has already bought the CD. Therefore, we could watch at home. Then, my friend and I went shopping instead. Then, we stopped by the handphone shop to get a top-up card. After that, we ate some snacks at Burger King. However, the burgers were too small. For instance, we could finish our burgers in just one bite. Of course, we were hungry, but we were also on a strict diet. In conclusion, we didn’t enjoy our day.
Can you count how many are there? 😀 – so remember, do not OVERUSE transition signals or your paragraph would appear to be strange.