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I was in the elevator this morning when I heard someone say this, pertaining to the slowness of the elevator:
- “You must have patient.” (X)
Well, the thing is, he was not in the hospital when he said that. He was merely telling his friend to “be calm and wait”.
- patient (n.) – a person who is receiving medical care in a hospital or clinic
- patient (adj.) – be calm and without complaining
- patience (n.) – the quality of being patient
Since the above speech refers to a person’s “quality” because of the word “have”, a noun must be used instead.
- “You must have patience.” (√)
Compare with this:
- “You must be patient.” (√)
In general, you could say that a noun is used after “has/have”:
- … has intelligence
- … has beauty
This is what people call “Crazy English”. The irony is that despite being a crazy language, English is interesting, and has been the subject in many researches. Here are examples of homographs, but not necessarily homophones:
1) The bandage was wound around the wound.
2) The farm was used to produce produce.
3) The dump was so full that it had to refuse more refuse.
4) We must polish the Polish furniture.
5) He could lead if he would get the lead out.
6) The soldier decided to dessert his dessert in the desert.
7) Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present.
8 ) A bass was painted on the head of the bass drum.
9) When shot at, the dove dove into the bushes.
10) I did not object to the object.
11) The insurance was invalid for the invalid.
12) There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row.
13) They were too close to the door to close it.
14) The buck does funny things when the does are present.
15) A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer line.
16) To help with planting, the farmer taught his sow to sow.
17) The wind was too strong to wind the sail.
18) Upon seeing the tear in the painting I shed a tear.
19) I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.
20) How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?
If you have any other examples, please share with the rest of us.