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Spelling Rules

Students are still confused when to use double letters when they spell words. This post helps to explain when double letters are used, but first, you need to know these terms:

  • vowel = the a, e, i, o, u sounds
  • consonant = the b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z sounds
  • syllable = a single unit of speech (e.g.: cle + ver = 2 syllables)

Here are the spelling rules. It looks a bit complicating, but with practise, you’d be able to avoid making mistakes.

End of verb

Double

Simple

– ing

-ed

– e

no

smile

smiling

smiled

2 consonants

no

help

helping

helped

2 vowels + 1 consonant

no

rain

raining

rained

1 vowel + 1 consonant

yes

stop

stopping

stopped

stop: one syllable

no

visit

visiting

visited

visit: two syllables

yes

prefer

preferring

preferred

prefer: two syllables

– y

no

play

playing

played

– ie

no

die

dying

died

Hope the table above has provided you with a good guide in when to use the double letters, and when not to.

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